Neuroscience, 1900-Present

The history of neuroscience, and psychology in general, is characterized by debate. Some of the major focuses of these debates include the nature of neural communication and localization vs. holism of function of the brain.

Because neuroscience is a fairly new science, many of the famous neuroscientists are from the 20th and 21st century. The following people have made discoveries or established theories that made the field what it is today.


Bear M.F., Connors B.W., Paradiso M.A. (2001). Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain (4th ed.). Philedelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Finger, S. (1994). Origins of Neuroscience, New York: Oxford University Press.

Gray, Henry. (1918). Anatomy of the Human Body. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger;, 2000.

Kandel E.R., Schwartz J.H., Jessel T.M. (2000). Principles of Neural Science (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Timeline reproduced from Kandel, E. R., & L.R., S. (2000). Neuroscience: Breaking down scientific barriers to the study of brain and mind. Science, 290, 1113-1120. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from

Marshall, L.H. and Magoun, H.W. (1998). Discoveries in the Human Brain, Totowa; Humana Press.

Martensen, R.L. (2004). The Brain Takes Shape. An Early History, New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Shepherd, G.M. (1991). Foundations of the Neuron Doctrine, New York: Oxford University Press.

Sebastian, A. (2000). Dates in Medicine. A Chronological Record of Medical Progress Over Three Millennia, New York: The Parthenon Publishing Group.

By Jess Foss

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